Sunday, January 18, 2015

Best Trailers of 2014

INTERSTELLAR Official Theatrical Trailer # 1.
Most emotional trailer of the year. Saw this in front of Godzilla and I was more excited to watch the trailer again when I got home than I was to see Godzilla… The trailer is accompanied by Marco Beltrami’s beautiful V for Vendetta score.

This was beautifully done. It focuses on one perilous scene specifically in the movie while only showing a few select but effective shots that very successfully convey what the movie is all about— all within a span of 1 minute and 50 seconds. Very effective marketing.

BIRDMAN Teaser Trailer # 1.
Very strange. The first time you saw it you didn’t know what to make of it. You knew you were seeing something completely new and original. Something you’d never seen before. You knew you were in for something really special with Birdman with this initial trailer.

I debated whether to include this… I wasn’t sure if it was nostalgia or what but this trailer sent me over the moon when I first saw it. I’ve seen it countless times since and every time the theme cues up and the millennium falcon swoops into the sky and then back down towards the sand... I have a pretty substantial smile on my face.

NIGHTCRAWLER Teaser Trailer # 1.
With a badass track by CSS and creepy Los Angeles atmosphere from DP Robert Elswit, I was instantly pulled into this. There’s a moment when Jake says, “What I believe is that good things come to those that work their asses off… and that… good people who reach the top of the mountain… didn’t just fall there.” And the moment it cuts to Jake looking directly into lens and reciting the dialog above, you realize you aren’t looking into the eyes of Jake Gylenhaal despite the fact that his name immediately fills the screen in the very next frame but… it’s Jake. Love this trailer. Blown away by it the first time I saw it.


I can’t wait to see this movie. The look. The cast. The grit. The grime. The chaos. This looks like so much fun. George Miller’s last movie was absolute trash but he’s reportedly poured a lot into this new film and it shows. Can’t wait!

Monday, November 17, 2014

Movie Review: UNDER THE SKIN

Jonathan Glazer’s ‘Under the Skin’ is about an alien in human form trailing through Scotland and luring men into abduction. Scarlett Johansson plays the alien and the rest of the cast, outside of an unexplained motorcyclist, is the people she abducts. However, while doing her abducting, Scarlett develops a curiosity about the world around her and that’s what the film is really about. Time and again, she picks up hitchhiker after hitchhiker and brings them back to random locations that consistently reveal themselves to be rooms made entirely out of blackness.

I can’t say much else about the story beyond what I've already stated; There really isn’t much else to add. It’s a film that’s highly dependent upon the experience, and less so about an actual plot. Scarlett is unbelievably gorgeous but her beauty takes on an entirely different context when she’s undressing herself inside a void. Her casting is perfect. Think Schwarzenegger as The Terminator. Scarlett has a wide-eyed child-like curiosity about her that simply fits here.

The obscurity comes from the fact that the film is entirely from the perspective of Scarlett’s alien, and the only other character outside of those hitchhikers is a motorcyclist who never speaks a word. His role in the film is never explained, but rather up to the viewer's interpretation. There’s no dialog-driven exposition about who Scarlett is, or where she’s from, but instead you’re presented with behavior and action between an alien and a human being. Scarlett's character appears to gain more curiosity about humanity throughout the film as she interacts with more people but the viewer is forced to interpret what’s happening on-screen without anything being blatantly explained at any point, which was what, in my opinion, kept it fascinating.

I won’t pretend to understand everything I saw in the film but it all felt purposeful. It was always interesting even if I didn’t always fully understand it. I can’t say I’m in a rush to watch it again but I have a feeling subsequent viewings will improve the film’s appeal. There’s some beautiful and haunting imagery, particularly as the film reveals more and more of exactly what happens to those abducted but Glazer’s ‘Under The Skin’, outside of perhaps Scarlett undressing herself, is not a pleasant viewing experience; It’s cold, dark and empty but purposefully so. It's an interesting journey into the void that I suspect will offer new insights with repeat viewings and provoke interesting discussion about various interpretations but I doubt anyone will have a very good comprehension of 'Under the Skin' without reading the source material, much like Arthur C. Clarke's work for the novel version of Kubrick's '2001: A Space Odyssey'.

*Note: The crew developed their own camera called OneCam and they built about 10 of these cameras. The purpose of these cameras was for the small-size and quality. They wanted cameras that would be small enough for people not to notice during certain scenes with Scarlett driving around Scotland but still retain high-quality picture.

Friday, November 7, 2014

Movie Review: JOHN WICK

John Wick is perfectly predictable. Joyously so. If you've read a synopsis or witnessed a preview, you know what you're getting into and where it's headed before your buttocks hits the seat. It’s everything you expect from a Hollywood action-revenge film, beat-for-beat, but handled with care and balance. On the page I suspect John Wick read something akin to a straight-to-Netflix-quality release, however, in the hands of first-time directors David Leitch and Chad Stahelskiit, John Wick is elevated to a place where the predictability and action-movie cliches somehow work.

It’s a fun movie, pure and simple. It’s an action film made with the intention of giving the viewer precisely what they want in a high-quality presentation. The filmmakers are far more concerned with building a world and solidifying relationships within that world. The filmmakers aren’t unaware of the familiar territory they're treading and they also aren’t outright poking fun of it. They walk a tonal tightrope throughout the movie that remains consistent right up until the credit’s roll. The story is absolutely ludicrous, really, but it's performed straight-faced by it's actors and shot coldly by it's cinematographer Jonathan Sela to create as much of a reality as possible. And I happily bought it.

It's no easy task for a storyteller to balance between being too serious or too goofy but the directors strike it perfectly here. This is a film from first time directors who didn’t want to bite off more than they could chew narratively-speaking, so I suspect Chad and David chose a simple story that allowed them dedication to other aspects of the film: the imagery, the performances, the tone, the world, etc. The actual basis for the story is besides the point. The revenge plot is a device to turn John Wick into a surrogate for the audience to explore the depths of this highly-stylized criminal world.

Don’t misinterpret these points as complaints but more so an indication of what you’re in for: style over substance. If you’re seeking something intellectually stirring or emotionally complex, then you don’t want to see this movie. You will be bored, I assure you. The joy isn’t not knowing where the story is headed, but rather the joy in a film like John Wick is the exact opposite. The experience of John Wick is about having a character that the audience can invest in, and having that vengeful outcome presented in a way that’s visually exciting.

The movie's about comfort. This isn’t trying to change your perception of the world around you or force you to re-evaluate your existence; John Wick is here to entertain you. It's a film that knows what it is, knows the audience it’s chasing, and doesn’t care if you don’t like it because it knows someone else out there will. It was made to be liked and enjoyed, not questioned and deliberated.

Keanu is the perfect audience surrogate. He comes off so earnest and pure, which was why his casting in The Matrix was so perfect. In The Matrix, his character Neo wasn’t at all dissimilar from a wide-eyed child seeing the world for the first time and Keanu generally carries that energy with him, so it was fun to watch him play an emotionally-cut off cold-blooded killer. It’s very easy to like Keanu, and that ultimately keeps you hanging on to his character. It's fun to watch Keanu kill hoards of men and act like a badass because he's so hard not to like and I'm uncertain many actors working today would've been able to pull this role off like he has.

There's a slew of really fun supporting characters throughout this world who are terrific additions to the canvas such as Ian McShane, Willem DaFoe and Lance Reddick. However, I must admit that it was Alfie Allen who impressed me the most, performance-wise. He can play pathetic and terrified like Daniel Day-Lewis can play anything. He's utterly convincing, more so than his fellow cast members for whatever reason.

This is a film that could've been made or broken by how it handled it's exposition and I appreciated the two director’s visual approach to telling the story instead of relying too heavily on dialog. Scenes of exposition, and there are quite a few, are handled well with relatively minimal dialog. They allow the silences to play out between the characters as opposed to unspooling forced dialog in-between those awkward moments to give the audience more information. These are clearly directors with good taste and well-developed sensibilities who made a delicately handled action film. It truly exemplifies the idea that ultimately its about how you choose to tell your story, not necessarily what story you're trying to tell. We’ve seen the revenge plot play out time and time again in countless other forms but you haven’t seen it from the eyes of these fellas. You haven’t experienced their distinctive perspective on the genre yet and when you do, like myself, I guarantee you'll be looking forward to whatever work they release in the future.

Thursday, September 25, 2014

New Foster: Pigeon (Male)

New foster. Unsure what his mix is exactly... It’s a male, which I’m not ordinarily fond of. Specifically male puppies. Puppies are a handful in general but male puppies particularly enjoy marking their territory from the outset. You have to let him know from the moment that he attempts any dominant behavior that it isn’t going to fly, so you have to watch male puppies like a hawk for that very first moment… It’ll happen quick and it's so important that you catch it.

His name is Pigeon. He’s about 11 months old now. His former owner felt it necessary to drop him off at the shelter without filling out any paper work or giving any reason as to why the animal was being abandoned. Pigeon obviously required some shaping up from the time he arrived. As I mentioned earlier, he almost immediately began lifting his leg and claiming certain areas in my apartment his own but he’s growing out of that habit.

Unfortunately, Pigeon’s former owner clearly didn’t exercise very much discipline; He’s gnawed at my face once or twice but never in a threatening or hurtful manner. Always playful. However, that’s another dominant behavior that I've spent a lot of time stamping out with him and he's made tons of progress. I’m not opposed to gnawing on fingers when a puppy is teething but when the puppy thinks it’s okay to put his mouth on another person’s face, then gnawing on fingers or anything needs to be stamped out altogether. Pigeon is a puppy that needs a dominant owner but having said all this, he’s an amazing pup who has an immense amount of love to give.

He loves being cuddled, he loves being pet, and in general, he’s just loves to hang out. Pigeon likes three things: eating, playing and cuddling. I have a dog of my own who’s very dominant and playful so she’s been particularly stimulating for Pigeon in that regard. He’s getting stronger and stronger everyday as a result. She’s also managed to teach him to walk on a leash properly. When I first walked Pigeon on his own he was a complete mess, veering left and right. Beyond unfocused. When I brought Leeloo along, I remained persistent with keeping him alongside her at all times and as a result he began walking on a leash properly. He’ll get too excited at the beginning and try to run ahead of you but it’s important to make sure that you are the first person to exit the door and that he is following you out...

Pigeon has caught on to everything quickly. He’s a smart, playful, beautiful little puppy and anyone who adopts him would be lucky to have him. He’s also particularly gentle. My best friends have a small 4-month old pup named Lily who is an absolute angel and very fragile. Lily and Pigeon started rough housing a little but Pigeon was noticeably more patient and gentle with Lily versus my dog who was equal to his size and strength, if not more. Lily would give up very quickly due to Pigeon’s size versus her own but he would make gentle attempts at playing with her.

He's shown absolutely no signs of aggression thus far. Not one. Even when he’s been disciplined for doing something wrong, he’s shown absolutely no aggression. He’s an insanely gentle guy with lots of love to give. By the time I’ve finished training him, I don’t know how he won’t be adopted at the next adoption fair.

Sunday, August 10, 2014


There are some films that have such an intensely realized vision on-screen that what’s unfolding in front of you transcends the movie theater and becomes a window into another world. For two hours, Joon-ho Bong’s SNOWPIERCER offers viewers a window into a post-apocalyptic world where most of Earth’s remaining population has perished in a frozen winter and distributed themselves throughout multiple cars of a fast moving train. If the train is stopped, it could mean the end of the human race. The train, if you haven’t guessed, is what the film’s title refers to and is separated by two sides: the front and the back. The back is for the poor and as you may have also guessed, it’s cramped and overcrowded while the front portion of the train is for the rich and privileged. The front portion of the train enforces their will upon the back portion, keeping them in check and away from their side of the tracks. The story lies in the breaking of that balance and what that could mean for the survival of humanity.

None of the characters are entirely good people, they are simply victims of circumstance. The closest anyone comes to being a “good guy” is maybe John Hurt, but outside of that everyone has a secret or a past they’re ashamed of that when revealed changes the way you saw the character a moment prior. No one in the film is an infallible saint and though the film’s premise is simple at heart, the characters and their relationships are anything but. The casting of Evans, who plays one of the lead characters, Curtis, was particularly effective due to his association with the iconic superhero Captain America and because of that fame he stuck out like a sore thumb amongst the cast, but his character reveals are all the more effective for this reason. In other words, despite his enormous star power, he still managed to feel human and real, which goes for the rest of the cast. I felt like I could touch their filthy, grimy skin from my seat. At some point during the movie, there’s a tracking shot behind Evans, and he’s walking over a bridge towards something I can’t reveal without spoilers being involved and there was something in that moment, perhaps the perfect unison of story, character, sound, camera, etc., I’m not sure, but I’d realized something rare had occurred: I was in a trance, and had been for the entirety of the film’s runtime.

The cinematography by Kyung-pyo Hong, who also shot MOTHER for director Bong, is astounding. It’s downright frightening the more I think back on it. There isn’t a false note in the entirety of the film’s runtime, I have to say. I enjoyed everything from the film’s story to it’s execution. It was a rare science fiction experience where a writer-director had such a wonderful vision about the story he wanted to tell and such a clear idea about what he wanted that story to say. Characters constantly change right before your eyes either by what new information they provide the audience with or what actions they commit right before your eyes. And director Bong orchestrates all of this to such a degree that it appears effortless and despite the film’s cold look and setting, it’s the cinematic equivalent to a hot bath. It’s always a comforting feeling to know you’re in good hands when a movie starts but this cinematic experience surpasses comfort and becomes something far more magical than a standard two-hour summer distraction. When you’re in the hands of someone with such an assured vision as director Bong, the experience inspires reflection on one's own values and human nature and all of the technical aspects vanish into the experience.

Definitely one of the most assured visions I’ve seen in recent years.

Monday, August 4, 2014



My biggest concern regarding James Gunn’s comedic space opera upon viewing the first trailers was the tone. I was skeptical as to whether they could nail the comedic elements while expanding Marvel’s story in the cosmos outside of following around the overly-serious Asgardian demigod. THOR and THOR: THE DARK WORLD are not very good movies. The sequel might as well not exist. THE DARK WORLD was a perfect example of a story with no urgency, a lead character with no arc, a forgettable villain with nothing interesting to say or do (played by a favorite of mine, Chris Eccleston, mind you) and finally a movie without an identity. When I heard director Alan Taylor had been removed during the editing process or something to that degree, I wasn’t surprised. The film had no personality whatsoever. But I’m thrilled to report that isn’t the case with GUARDIANS OF THE GALAXY.

When I walk into these Marvel films now I don’t expect any surprise in terms of plot or formula. We all know that we are going to be introduced to a hero or group of heroes and they are going to be faced with an evil threat that they will inevitably extinguish. And more than likely no major characters will perish due to the actor’s binding 8-film contracts… But I can at least hope for moments. It’s about the journey and less about the destination, especially in regards to Marvel’s comic book movie universe. When we walked into the cinema to sit down and enjoy Joss Whedon’s THE AVENGERS, none of us were anticipating a member of the team would die. We didn’t go into that movie for the moment Loki gets killed off-screen in a non-Hollywood, artsy-fartsy fashion, we walked into that cinema waiting for that feeling that’d overwhelm us as we watched the team unite for the first time against unbelievable odds and win!

You have to accept that these movies are smaller pieces to a large puzzle that will end precisely the way each of these movies do. It doesn’t matter how formidable of a foe Thanos may be for the Marvel heroes because we all know where this going to go… We know how this is all going to end so when THOR: THE DARK WORLD was a purely, filler-based straight-face, overly serious boring hack job of a movie that I wanted to walk out of, I was concerned that Marvel had forgotten the appeal of it all. It’s about the moments where visual, audio, context, story and tone all come together in a moment of screen time that elicits an emotion from the viewer. That’s what it’s about.

When Gunn was hired for the job, I was relieved. I’ve been a fan of his for years now so when I heard he was given this opportunity, I was doubtful that he would botch it up but it’s a bit surreal how well he managed to make the film work. It reminded me of Pixar’s UP. I remembered liking that film a lot and being amazed that it’s seemingly random story elements and characters were able to prove themselves anything but with it’s strong message and storytelling. That happened here too.

Again, what unfolds onscreen wasn’t anything you haven’t already seen before in terms of where the story ultimately goes but, like CAPTAIN AMERICA: THE WINTER SOLDIER, it at least has something to say about the world we live in and our relationships with the people in them. The cast across the board seamlessly fall into their roles. The most distracting was probably Zoe Saldana due to it being a very obvious choice but she holds her own in the group and disappears in the role regardless. Chris Pratt is a star and I’m thrilled that he has a long, healthy career ahead of him. Groot and Rocket, I think we can agree, were easily the two characters we were the most curious about working on-screen and eventually they managed to earn my affections. Cooper’s voice is pitch perfect. And Diesel deserves an academy award for his work…

However, my favorite cast member of the group was Dave Bautista. I was admittedly skeptical when I heard about his casting but he’s terrific. The words he chooses to use and the precise manner in which he delivers these obscurely structured sentences, then managing to maintain phenomenal comedic timing was a huge surprise. His performance carried so much more weight than I expected. These characters carried more weight than I expected. We all love the outcasts and we all want the underdogs to kick ass and take names but we also want storytellers who can deliver that to audiences without treating both them and the characters like imbeciles. I think Gunn has managed to achieve that.

When the final confrontation with the film’s lead occurs, the film doesn’t lose what made it appealing in the first place. It’s hysterical right up until the credits role and then some. I don’t go to the cinema to watch perfection unfold in front of me, I go to the cinema to escape into the way someone else sees and feels about the world through a story and characters. I go to the movies to get lost and escape and these characters, including the way Gunn and Nicole Perlman (and whatever other uncredited writers) wrote them from Dan Abnett and Andy Lanning’s comic books to how well Pratt, Zaldana, Bautista, Cooper and Diesel (and the tons and tons and tons of VFX men and women who made those characters come to life) represented them was note-perfect.

One of my biggest issues with these comic book movies is the lack of weight that comes with loss of life. As I said earlier, most of the lead actors have contracts to fulfill and won’t be dying anytime soon in these movies but when you have hundreds of innocent bystanders dying amongst a massive superhero brawl, it’s important to remind the audience that these people are dying. There’s one specific shot that springs to mind and it’s completely insignificant. The shot consists of a character named Nebula, who’s the blue-skinned sister to Saldana’s Gamora, leaping from a gigantic exploding spaceship onto a smaller craft and commandeering said ship from some unnamed driver. For all we know it could’ve been Peter Quill and he just died in a wide shot! But that isn’t the case… The shot lingers in a wide and we watch the driver that Nebula has thrown out of the ship scream and fall out of frame. The shot lingers for a moment but only long enough so that it isn’t a distraction from what’s unfolding. But enough to make you think, "Peter was driving a ship exactly like that..."

My biggest complaints with the film lie more so in the technical aspects. There are some really fun moments in the cinematography, namely a moment where Dave Bautista’s character is submerged in this yellow ooze and they chose to shoot that at a higher frame in slow motion. Looked fantastic. There’s also another moment that comes to mind with Michael Rooker’s (who’s amazing) Yondu where he has Pratt pinned against the wall in his ship. Rooker’s make-up, specifically the shade of blue they decided on in conjunction with his red eyes, and the excellent quality of light coming through the shafts, keying Rooker popped off the screen in one particular medium close-up of Rooker. You can tell the filmmaker’s were also quite happy with how the shot turned out visually because they tended to cut back to it quite often. But I wasn’t complaining, it looked gorgeous.

Having said that, I didn’t think they pushed the grade far enough, or the "look" as far as they could've. I felt like the film had moments of inspiration here and there from a photography stand-point but ultimately felt safe and neutral to me. I felt like they could’ve easily stylized the film’s look more so than they did. I like that these movies are connected but I wish that didn’t have to stem into each of the film’s cinematography. I thought THE WINTER SOLIDER took more risks from a cinematography standpoint then GUARDIANS OF THE GALAXY did. In that sense it felt very boring, which is fine and, don't get me wrong, GUARDIANS looked good, but I wish they’d pushed it just a bit further. Maybe even darker...

Outside of that, I both enjoyed myself and admired Gunn's ability to convey ideas and thoughts about the world we currently live in amid a very obscure, galactic canvas. The movie had something to say and I realize it's really one simple idea that all these movies are trying to get through to the audience, which is: you can't conquer the world on your own. You and I may feel like ants in this universe but ants are capable of pulling off unbelievable feats when they act as a group, as a team; As one, united whole we can conquer anything, or at the very least, that's how we feel when we come together. And that's what happens to our beloved Marvel comic heroes when they finally unite: they conquer the odds.

Friday, June 20, 2014

Netflix Review: SUPERHERO

The 2011 HBO documentary, "Superheroes", is a fascinating film without actually being a particularly good documentary. Based on the title alone, one would likely assume they were about to watch a documentary centering around the comic book superhero culture and how it’s progressed to the giant empire it’s become today; However, that’s not what this is about. This is about superheroes in the “real world”. Real people who wear costumes and masks to fight crime.

From the opening moments, I was fascinated for all the wrong reasons. The moment the documentary begins, they show us a montage of comic strips, which is accompanied by voiceover from one of the many superheroes in the documentary, and they essentially tell the audience how they managed to corner a criminal and work harmoniously with the police department to jail the perp. Immediately before they’ve shown you a single shred of footage, they’ve already said, “Hey, being a superhero has worked.” The opening moments are almost an attempt to squash an argument or thought before the thought can be had.

This voiceover originates from the superhero who supposedly accomplished all this, which means you need to take every piece of information you receive from this documentary with a grain of salt. It may claim to be dealing with superheroes in reality but it romanticizes vigilantism in the same way that comics and superhero movies do. Later in the film during one particular hero's patrol through a park, the film reveals that one of the cameramen of the documentary has involved himself directly with the patrolling. As soon as this occurred, it became clear what direction this documentary wanted to take, and it became significantly less interesting for it.

It’s wonderful to see people giving out food or toiletries to the homeless, even if they are wearing kevlar body armor and a horrifying mask, but that’s the problem with this documentary; The closest they ever get to showing an “ugly” side to all this is during the times they show certain character’s living situations. One of the heroes lives in an extremely compact one bedroom apartment, which he makes feel that much more compact by hoarding random items. Every square foot is covered with everything from stacks of paper to bottles and spray cans. This same hero proceeds to show us his fighting skills against a rubber sculpted torso and it’s one of the few times the documentary starts to get at something. We watch this guy fight the sculpted man thoughtfully and then suddenly, as if forgetting the camera is present, lets loose a multitude of sloppy slaps, punches and eye gouges. It’s easily the most effective scene in the documentary and the final shot made me laugh quite a bit.

Unfortunately, majority of the documentary spends it’s time glorifying the exploits of these random people who are all seeking to somehow make a difference. It never becomes personal or intimate. When asked why they do what they do, almost every superhero explains that they are trying to put a stop to corruption, but like the protestors at occupy LA, they don’t quite seem to know exactly who or what they are fighting. The documentary shows them prevent people from driving drunk or selling drugs in the park but their answers when asked why they fight crime behind a mask are all juvenile. No one has a personal story, like their parents were murdered and they became an orphan; Everyone just seems to enjoy wearing a snazzy outfit and stopping people from being assholes. Another member admits to the superhero patrol being his only substitute for alcoholism, so for many of these people it's an escape from reality, not necessarily a stop to corruption.

There’s a group of around 9 individuals who roam the streets at night in their costumes, looking out for any trouble, and one of these men wears a black outfit underneath a piece of red armor. On this armor is a pentagram, the same one used for Satanic rituals, etc., accompanied by a mask that could easily haunt your dreams if there were red glowing eyes in the sockets. His name is Devil’s Knight. The other 9 people that Knight walks the streets with wear equally horrifying masks. In other words, imagine every member of Slipknot taking a leisurely stroll together at 2 am in full costume through the park and that’ll give you a good indication of how absolutely fucking terrifying these people can appear to be.

I can’t consider this a legitimately good documentary. I think it’s opinion of these guys and what they’re doing is extremely skewed in the hero’s favor and, as a result, it makes for a particularly boring second half when all they focus on is hero team-ups and their nightly exploits. The first half seems interested in finding out exactly what made their subjects tick but later on, they become preoccupied with how much good they’re doing. I think it’s also important to mention a specific superhero with the symbol, 'SH', on his chest; It literally stands for Super Hero. He wears a tight red shiny top and blue shorts that ride up past his knees. While all that may sound wonderful, he also drives a 1970s burgundy Corvette with his logo on the front and his license plate inscribed with: “SUPRHERO”. The most troubling aspect of this man’s entire outfit was the button clipped to his left breast: a yellow smiley face with a spot of blood. This is a symbol most of you will know from Watchmen and if you know the context and meaning that comes with the symbol, then you, like I, would probably feel uneasy if a man like Super Hero were patrolling your streets.

The final sequence encourages the audience to follow in these people's footsteps, and while one of them resides in New York City, these heroes don’t live in East Los Angeles or Compton; Most of them live in Central Florida, San Diego or Canada, so I can’t say the stakes are at exceedingly high levels where they're fighting crime but, then again, that's probably what will keep them from having their brains plastered on the pavement.